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|Title: ||Biodiesel production from camelina oil, waste cooking and tallow.|
|Authors: ||waste cooking oil|
|Keywords: ||Bio-diesel production|
|Issue Date: ||1-Sep-1998|
|Citation: ||Rice, B., Fröhlich, A., Leonard, A., Biodiesel production from camelina oil, waste cooking and tallow, End of Project Reports, Teagasc, 1998.|
|Series/Report no.: ||End of Project Reports;|
|Abstract: ||The high cost and lack of availability of raw materials is limiting the expansion
of bio-diesel production. The aim of this project was to examine the potential of
alternative vegetable oils, oil wastes or animal fats as bio-diesel feedstocks, and
the performance of road vehicles using bio-diesel blends made from these
materials. Three feedstock materials were considered: waste cooking oil from
the catering industry, Camelina oil, and beef tallow.
Thirty-four 300-litre pilot-scale batches of these materials were esterified, and
yields and bio-diesel properties were measured. Five growers produced about 6 ha
of camelina sativa on their set-aside land. Vehicle performance trials were
carried out with five fuel blends involving bio-diesel and mineral fuel. A plant to
produce approx 3000 tonnes per annum of bio-diesel was specified and costed.
The work has concluded that waste cooking oil is the most promising raw
material for the immediate start-up of bio-diesel production. A proportion of
camelina oil could also be used. Further work is required to overcome technical
problems with tallow.
The cost of bio-diesel production in a 3000 t/yr plant from these raw materials
was estimated at from 27 to 32 pence per litre of fuel. Reduction of excise on biodiesel
to the level applied to heating and agricultural fuels would make its final
price competitive with mineral diesel for road use. The excise remission could be
justified by a reduction of global warming and harmful vehicle exhaust
emissions, and the provision of a safe disposal system for otherwise waste
|Description: ||End of Project Report|
|Appears in Collections:||CELUP End of Project Reports|
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