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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/1480

Title: Biodiesel production from camelina oil, waste cooking and tallow.
Authors: waste cooking oil
Rice, Bernard
Frohlich, A.
Leonard, A.
Keywords: Bio-diesel production
Camelina oil
beef tallow.
Issue Date: 1-Sep-1998
Publisher: Teagasc
Citation: Rice, B., Fröhlich, A., Leonard, A., Biodiesel production from camelina oil, waste cooking and tallow, End of Project Reports, Teagasc, 1998.
Series/Report no.: End of Project Reports;
Abstract: The high cost and lack of availability of raw materials is limiting the expansion of bio-diesel production. The aim of this project was to examine the potential of alternative vegetable oils, oil wastes or animal fats as bio-diesel feedstocks, and the performance of road vehicles using bio-diesel blends made from these materials. Three feedstock materials were considered: waste cooking oil from the catering industry, Camelina oil, and beef tallow. Thirty-four 300-litre pilot-scale batches of these materials were esterified, and yields and bio-diesel properties were measured. Five growers produced about 6 ha of camelina sativa on their set-aside land. Vehicle performance trials were carried out with five fuel blends involving bio-diesel and mineral fuel. A plant to produce approx 3000 tonnes per annum of bio-diesel was specified and costed. The work has concluded that waste cooking oil is the most promising raw material for the immediate start-up of bio-diesel production. A proportion of camelina oil could also be used. Further work is required to overcome technical problems with tallow. The cost of bio-diesel production in a 3000 t/yr plant from these raw materials was estimated at from 27 to 32 pence per litre of fuel. Reduction of excise on biodiesel to the level applied to heating and agricultural fuels would make its final price competitive with mineral diesel for road use. The excise remission could be justified by a reduction of global warming and harmful vehicle exhaust emissions, and the provision of a safe disposal system for otherwise waste materials.
Description: End of Project Report
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/1480
ISBN: 1901138674
Appears in Collections:CELUP End of Project Reports

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