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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/313

Title: The significance of livestock as a contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions today and in the near future
Authors: O'Mara, Frank P.
Keywords: Greenhouse gases
Livestock
Agriculture
Food production
Greenhouse gas mitigation
Issue Date: 23-Jun-2011
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Citation: F.P. O’Mara. The significance of livestock as a contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions today and in the near future. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 166–167, June 2011: 7–15. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.04.074
Series/Report no.: Animal Feed Science & Technology;vol 166-167
Abstract: Animal agriculture is responsible for 8–10.8% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as assessed by IPCC accounting and, on the basis of lifecycle analysis, the contribution of livestock is up to 18% of global emissions. Asia is the source of the most enteric CH4 emissions with Latin America, Africa, Western Europe and North America being significant sources. These emissions are dominated by emissions from cattle. When GHG emissions are related to food production, the four most efficient regions are Eastern and Western Europe, North America, and the non-EU former Soviet Union which produced 46.3% of ruminant meat and milk energy and only 25.5% of enteric CH4 emissions in 2005. In comparison, the three least efficient producers (Asia, Africa, Latin America) produced an equivalent amount (47.1%) of ruminant meat and milk energy, and almost 69% of enteric CH4 emissions in 2005. Livestock related emissions will increase as world population and food demand increases; enteric CH4 emissions are projected to grow by over 30% from 2000 to 2020. There are mitigations available now, but it is imperative to develop new mitigations and ways to implement existing technologies more cost effectively.
Description: peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/313
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.04.074
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840111001933
ISSN: 0377-8401
Appears in Collections:Environment, Soils & Land Use
Livestock Systems

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