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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/345

Title: Compositional Changes in the Hydrophobic acids fraction of Drainage Water from Different Land Management Practices
Authors: Byrne, Corinna M. P.
Hayes, Michael M. B.
Kumar, Rajeev
Novotny, Etelvino H.
Lanigan, Gary
Richards, Karl G.
Fay, Deirdre
Simpson, Andre J.
Keywords: Grassland
Dissolved organic matter
Hydrophobic acids
Drainage water
Fertiliser
Urine
Solution state NMR
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Citation: Byrne C.M.P., Hayes M.H.B., Kumar R., Novotny E.H., Lanigan G.J., Richards K.G., Fay D. and Simpson A.J. (2010) Compositional changes in the hydrophobic acids fraction of drainage water from different land management practices. Water Research 44(15), 4379-4390. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2010.05.055
Series/Report no.: Water Research;vol 44
Abstract: Dissolved organic matter (DOM) can play a key role in many environmental processes, including carbon cycling, nutrient transport and the fates of contaminants and of agrochemicals. Hydrophobic acids (Ho), the major components of the DOM, were recovered from the drainage waters from well-drained (WDS) and poorly-drained (PDS) Irish grassland soils in lysimeters, amended with N fertiliser (F) and with bovine urine (U) and were studied using 1D and 2D solution-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The Diffusion Edited (DE) 1H NMR spectra indicated that the Ho consisted largely of larger molecules, or of molecules that formed rigid aggregates, and the 1D and the 2D (Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum Coherence – HMQC, the Total Correlation Spectroscopy – TOCSY, and the Nuclear Overhauser Effect – NOESY) spectra indicated that the samples were composed of lignin residues, carbohydrates, protein/peptides, and aliphatic components derived from plant waxes/cuticular materials and from microbial lipids. The F amendments increased the concentrations of Ho in the waters by 1.5 and 2.5 times those in the controls in the cases of WDS and PDS, respectively. The lignin-derived components were increased by 50% and 300% in the cases of the Ho from the WDS and PDS, respectively. Applications of F + U decreased the losses of Ho, (compared to the F amendments alone) and very significantly decreased those of the lignin-derived materials, indicating that enhanced microbial activity from U gave rise to enhanced metabolism of the Ho components, and especially of lignin. In contrast the less biodegradable aliphatic components containing cuticular materials increased as the result of applications of F + U. This study helps our understanding of how management practices influence the movement of C between terrestrial and aquatic environments.
Description: peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/345
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.05.055
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135410003751
ISSN: 0043-1354
Appears in Collections:Environment, Soils & Land Use

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