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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/407

Title: Anthelmintic-resistant nematodes in Irish commercial sheep flocks- the state of play
Authors: Good, Barbara
Hanrahan, James P
de Waal, Daniel Theodorus
Patten, Thomas
Kinsella, Andrew
Lynch, Ciaran Oliver
Keywords: Anthelmintic resistance
Nematodes
Sheep Ireland
Benzimidazole
Levamizole
Ivermectin
MALDT
FECRT
Issue Date: 22-Dec-2012
Publisher: Biomed Central
Citation: Good, B., Hanrahan, J.P., de Waal, D. T., Patten, T. Kinsella, A. and Lynch, C.O. Anthelmintic-resistant nematodes in Irish commercial sheep flocks- the state of play. Irish Veterinary Journal, (2012), 65(1):21. doi:10.1186/2046-0481-65-21
Series/Report no.: Irish Veterinary Journal;vol 65
Abstract: Anthelmintic resistance has been reported in most sheep producing countries. Prior to the mid 1990s, reports of anthelmintic resistance in Ireland were sparse and focused on benzimidazole, one of the three classes of anthelmintic available during this period. This evidence for efficacy issues on Irish farms combined with awareness that anthelmintic resistance was increasingly being reported in other countries prompted the need for more comprehensive investigations on Irish farms. Faecal egg count reduction and micro-agar larval development tests were employed to investigate resistance to benzimidazole, levamisole and macrocyclic lactone. There is compelling evidence for resistance to both benzimidazole (>88% of flocks) and levamisole (>39% of flocks). Resistance of nematode populations to macrocyclic lactone was suspected on a small number of farms (11%) but needs to be confirmed. The recent introduction of two new classes of anthelmintics, after over a 25 year interval, together with the evidence that anthelmintic resistance is reported within a relatively short time following the introduction of a new anthelmintic compound means that the challenge to the industry is immediate. Actions are urgently required to manage anthelmintic resistance so as to prolong the lifespan of anthelmintics.
Description: peer-reviewed
peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/407
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2046-0481-65-21
http://www.irishvetjournal.org/content/65/1/21
ISSN: 0368-0762
Appears in Collections:Animal & Bioscience
Teagasc publications in Biomed Central

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