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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/442

Title: Quantification of In Situ Denitrification Rates in Groundwater Below an Arable and a Grassland System
Authors: Jahangir, Mohammad M. R.
Johnston, P.
Addy, K.
Khalil, Mohammed I.
Groffman, P.M.
Richards, Karl G.
Keywords: Denitrification
15N-enrichment
15N–N2O
15N–N2
Groundwater
N2O mole fraction
Issue Date: Aug-2013
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Citation: Jahangir MMR, Johnston P, Addy K, Khalil MI, Groffman PM, Richards KG. Quantification of In Situ Denitrification Rates in Groundwater Below an Arable and a Grassland System. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 2013, 224(9):1693. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-013-1693-z
Series/Report no.: Water, Air & Soil Pollution;vol 224
Abstract: Understanding denitrification rates in groundwater ecosystems can help predict where agricultural reactive nitrogen (N) contributes to environmental degradation. In situ groundwater denitrification rates were determined in subsoil, at the bedrock-interface and in bedrock at two sites, grassland and arable, using an in situ ‘push-pull’ method with 15N labelled nitrate (NO3--N). Measured groundwater denitrification rates ranged from 1.3 to 469.5 µg N kg-1d-1. Exceptionally high denitrification rates observed at the bedrock-interface at grassland site (470±152µg N kg-1d-1; SE, standard error) suggest that deep groundwater can serve as substantial hotspots for NO3--N removal. However, denitrification rates at the other locations were low and may not substantially reduce NO3--N delivery to surface waters. Denitrification rates were negatively correlated with ambient dissolved oxygen (DO), redox potential (Eh), ks and NO3- (all p-values p<0.01) and positively correlated with SO42- (p<0.05). Higher mean N2O/(N2O+N2) ratios at arable (0.28) site than the grassland (0.10) revealed that arable site has higher potential to indirect N2O emissions. Identification of areas with high and low denitrification and related site parameters can be a tool to manage agricultural N to safeguard the environment.
Description: peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/442
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1693-z
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11270-013-1693-z
ISSN: 0049-6979
Appears in Collections:Environment, Soils & Land Use

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