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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/568

Title: Mustard catch crop enhances denitrification in shallow groundwater beneath a spring barley field
Authors: Jahangir, Mohammad M. R.
Minet, E. P.
Johnston, P.
Premrov, A.
Coxon, C.E.
Hackett, R.
Richards, Karl G.
Keywords: Cover crop
Shallow groundwater
Issue Date: 26-Dec-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: M.M.R. Jahangir, E.P. Minet, P. Johnston, A. Premrov, C.E. Coxon, R. Hackett, K.G. Richards. Mustard catch crop enhances denitrification in shallow groundwater beneath a spring barley field. Chemosphere, 2014, 103, 234-239, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.11.072
Series/Report no.: Chemosphere;vol 103
Abstract: Over-winter green cover crops have been reported to increase dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in groundwater, which can be used as an energy source for denitrifiers. This study investigates the impact of a mustard catch crop on in situ denitrification and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from an aquifer overlain by arable land. Denitrification rates and N2O-N/(N2O-N + N2-N) mole fractions were measured in situ with a push–pull method in shallow groundwater under a spring barley system in experimental plots with and without a mustard cover crop. The results suggest that a mustard cover crop could substantially enhance reduction of groundwater nitrate NO3--N via denitrification without significantly increasing N2O emissions. Mean total denitrification (TDN) rates below mustard cover crop and no cover crop were 7.61 and 0.002 μg kg−1 d−1, respectively. Estimated N2O-N/(N2O-N + N2-N) ratios, being 0.001 and 1.0 below mustard cover crop and no cover crop respectively, indicate that denitrification below mustard cover crop reduces N2O to N2, unlike the plot with no cover crop. The observed enhanced denitrification under the mustard cover crop may result from the higher groundwater DOC under mustard cover crop (1.53 mg L−1) than no cover crop (0.90 mg L−1) being added by the root exudates and root masses of mustard. This study gives insights into the missing piece in agricultural nitrogen (N) balance and groundwater derived N2O emissions under arable land and thus helps minimise the uncertainty in agricultural N and N2O-N balances.
Description: peer-reviewed
The study was funded by Department of Agriculture and Food through the Research Stimulus Fund Programme (Grant RSF 06383) in collaboration with the Department of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/568
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Crop Science
Environment, Soils & Land Use

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