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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/572

Title: An insight into the impact of arable farming on Irish biodiversity: A scarcity of studies hinders a rigorous assessment
Authors: O'Brien, Martin
Spillane, Charles
Meade, Connor
Mullins, Ewen
Keywords: Biodiversity
Farming practices
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2008
Publisher: Royal Irish Academy
Citation: Martin O’Brien, Charles Spillane, Conor Meade and Ewen Mullins. An insight into the impact of arable farming on Irish biodiversity: A scarcity of studies hinders a rigorous assessment. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol. 108b, No. 2, 97-108 (2008). DOI: 10.3318/BIOE.2008.108.2.97
Series/Report no.: Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy;vol 108
Abstract: To help understand and counteract future agronomic challenges to farmland biodiversity, it is essential to know how present farming practices have affected biodiversity on Irish farms. We present an overview of existing research data and conclusions, describing the impact of crop cultivation on biodiversity on Irish arable farms. An extensive literature review clearly indicates that peer-reviewed publications on research conducted in Ireland on this topic are quite scarce: just 21 papers investigating the effect of conventional crop cultivation on Irish biodiversity have been published within the past 30 years. Principally, these studies have concluded that conventional crop cultivation has had an adverse impact on biodiversity on Irish farms, with 15 of the 21 studies demonstrating negative trends for the taxa investigated. Compared to other EU states, the relative dearth of baseline data and absence of monitoring programmes designed to assess the specific impacts of crop cultivation on Irish biodiversity highlight the need to develop long-term research studies. With many new challenges facing Irish agriculture, a research programme must be initiated to measure current levels of biodiversity on arable land and to assess the main farming ‘pressures’ causing significant biodiversity loss or gains in these systems.
Description: peer-reviewed
This work was funded under the EPA ERTDI Research Programme (Grant 2006-B-MS-46).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/572
ISSN: 0791-7945
Appears in Collections:Crop Science

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