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IJAFR, Volume 53, number 2, 2014 >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/760

Title: Nitrogen dynamics in a mature Miscanthus x giganteus crop fertilized with nitrogen over a five year period
Authors: Finnan, John
Burke, B.
Keywords: Height
Miscanthus
Nitrogen
Remobilisation uptake;
Yield
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Teagasc (Agriculture and Food Development Authority), Ireland
Citation: J. Finnan and B. Burke. Nitrogen dynamics in a mature Miscanthus x giganteus crop fertilized with nitrogen over a five year period. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 2014, 53: 171–188
Series/Report no.: Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research;vol 53
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate N dynamics and response to N fertilization in a mature crop of Miscanthus x giganteus. A crop of Miscanthus x giganteus sown in 1994 was fertilized with five N rates (0, 38, 63, 90 and 125 kg N/ha/year) over a five year period (2008–2012) in Carlow, Ireland. Foliar chlorophyll concentrations were directly related to N fertilization level throughout the study and rose after N applications until July before falling with the onset of N remobilisation. Shoot numbers were unaffected by N fertilization until the final years of the study when they increased with N level. Crop height was unaffected by fertilization in the early years of the study but in the final years of the study, it increased with N level until July after which the effect diminished. There was a small but significant stimulation of harvested biomass yields in autumn (average 15 t/ha) with increasing N fertilization, but there was no effect on harvested yields in spring (average 10.5 t/ha). The N concentration in the rhizome network gradually built up during the course of the study and was proportional to N application. Aboveground biomass N content was also proportional to N application. Nitrogen remobilisation between the October and February harvests was small; abscissed leaves accounted for most of the N loss over this period. The deleterious environmental consequences of N fertilizer may outweigh any potential economic benefits if increases in biomass production are small or non-existent.
Description: peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11019/760
ISSN: 0791-6833
Appears in Collections:IJAFR, Volume 53, number 2, 2014

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