Céad Mile Fáilte go T-Stór (Welcome to T- Stór)

T-Stór is Teagasc’s Open Access Repository, maintained by the Teagasc Library Service. Stór is the Gaelic word for Repository or Store or Warehouse, and T-Stór is an online “store” of Teagasc Research outputs and related documents. T-Stór collects preserves and makes freely available scholarly communication, including peer-reviewed articles, working papers and conference papers created by Teagasc researchers. Where material has already been published it is made available subject to the open-access policies of the original publishers. About Teagasc

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Animal & Grassland Research & Innovation Programme [995]
Crops, Environment & Land Use Programme [536]
Food Programme [1034]
Rural Economy & Development Programme [242]
Irish Journal of Agricultural & Food Research [316]
Other [282]
  • Molecular-genetic characterization of human parvovirus B19 prevalent in Kerala State, India

    Seetha, Dayakar; Pillai, Heera R.; Nori, Sai Ravi Chandra; Kalpathodi, Sanu Ghosh; Thulasi, Vineetha P.; Nair, Radhakrishnan R.; Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Trivandrum (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-05-05)
    Background Human parvovirus B19V is a DNA virus, and a member of the family Parvoviridae, that causes various clinical manifestations, from asymptomatic to persistent infection that is associated with different autoimmune diseases. The parvovirus B19 evolves with a very high mutation rate that is closer to those of existing RNA viruses. Globally circulating B19V is currently classified into three genotypes, but their distribution is not spatially and temporally correlated. Except for a few recent reports on B19V entry into the human host and its genetic diversity, there is a lack of sufficient studies on this virus from distinct geographical locations and no clear understanding of its evolution has been documented. Methods To better understand the evolution of the Human parvo B19V virus from India's southern part, a geographically distinct location with no reports of B19V genomes, we have screened for B19V in 456 suspected cases using VP1/2 surface marker genes, and its characteristics were studied in detail. Amongst 456 clinically suspected B19V samples, 7.2% (33/456) were found positive by nested PCR (nPCR) were subsequently validated by real-time PCR, Sanger sequencing, and metagenome analysis. Results Human parvovirus B19 infection was shown among 33 of 456 patients when tested by nPCR; 30 among these were also positive by qPCR and were subsequently confirmed by sequencing 75% nPCR positive samples and 76% qPCR positive samples were from patients with age. ≥ 50 years respectively (Additional file 1: Table S1). The complete VP1/2 gene assembly from the South Indian strain showed three novel mutations (T122A, V128I, I283V), which might significantly impact the stability and virulence of the B19V virus circulating in this part of the world. These mutations might be crucial for its adaptive evolutionary strategies facilitating the spread and infectivity potential of the virus. In maximum likelihood phylogeny of VP1/2 sequences, the South Indian B19V strain forms a separate clade closer to the existing genotype two strains circulating worldwide. Conclusion Our study contributes to a better understanding of the human parvovirus's genetic and evolutionary characteristics in South India. Also, it highlights the possibility that a positive selection pressure acting on VP1/2 could increase the survival and replication capabilities of the viruses.
  • The influence of animal species, gender and tissue on the structural, biophysical, biochemical and biological properties of collagen sponges

    Sorushanova, Anna; Skoufos, Ioannis; Tzora, Athina; Mullen, Anne Maria; Zeugolis, Dimitrios I.; Teagasc Walsh Fellowship; Teagasc/Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine; Science Foundation Ireland; European Research Council; 2014045; et al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-01-21)
    Although collagen type I is extensively used in biomedicine, no study to-date has assessed how the properties of the produced scaffolds are affected as a function of species, gender and tissue from which the collagen was extracted. Herein, we extracted and characterised collagen from porcine and bovine, male and female and skin and tendon tissues and we subsequently fabricated and assessed the structural, biophysical, biochemical and biological properties of collagen sponges. All collagen preparations were of similar purity and free-amine content (p > 0.05). In general, the porcine groups yielded more collagen; had higher (p < 0.05) denaturation temperature and resistance to enzymatic degradation; and lower (p < 0.05) swelling ratio and compression stress and modulus than the bovine groups of the same gender and tissue. All collagen preparations supported growth of human dermal fibroblasts and exhibited similar biological response to human THP-1 monocytes. These results further illustrate the need for standardisation of collagen preparations for the development of reproducible collagen-based devices.
  • Sire contribution to fertilization failure and early embryo survival in cattle

    O'Callaghan, E.; Sánchez, J.M.; McDonald, M.; Kelly, A.K.; Hamdi, M.; Maicas, C.; Fair, S.; Kenny, D.A.; Lonergan, P.; Science Foundation Ireland; et al. (American Dairy Science Association, 2021-06)
    Despite passing routine laboratory tests of semen quality, bulls used in artificial insemination (AI) exhibit a significant range in field fertility. The objective of this study was to determine whether subfertility in AI bulls is due to issues of sperm transport to the site of fertilization, fertilization failure, or failure of early embryo or conceptus development. In experiment 1, Holstein-Friesian bulls (3 high fertility, HF, and 3 low fertility, LF) were selected from the national population of AI bulls based on adjusted fertility scores from a minimum of 500 inseminations (HF: +4.37% and LF: −12.7%; mean = 0%). Superovulated beef heifers were blocked based on estimated number of follicles at the time of AI and inseminated with semen from HF or LF bulls (n = 3–4 heifers per bull; total 19 heifers). Following slaughter 7 d later, the number of corpora lutea was counted and the uteri were flushed. Recovered structures (oocytes/embryos) were classified according to developmental stage and stained with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole to assess number of cells and accessory sperm. Overall recovery rate (total structures recovered/total corpora lutea) was 52.6% and was not different between groups. Mean (± standard error of the mean) number of embryos recovered per recipient was 8.7 ± 5.2 and 9.4 ± 5.5 for HF and LF, respectively. Overall fertilization rate of recovered structures was not different between groups. However, more embryos were at advanced stages of development (all blastocyst stages combined), reflected in a greater mean embryo cell number on d 7 for HF versus LF bulls. Number of accessory sperm was greater for embryos derived from HF than for LF bulls. The aim of experiment 2 was to evaluate the effect of sire fertility on survival of bovine embryos to d 15. Day 7 blastocysts were produced in vitro using semen from the same HF (n = 3) and LF (n = 3) bulls and transferred in groups of 5–10 to synchronized heifers (n = 7 heifers per bull; total 42 heifers). Conceptus recovery rate on d 15 was higher in HF (59.4%,) versus LF (45.0%). Mean length of recovered conceptuses for HF bulls was not affected by fertility status. In conclusion, while differences in field fertility among AI sires used in this study were not reflected in fertilization rate, differences in embryo quality were apparent as early as d 7. These differences likely contributed to the higher proportion of conceptuses surviving to d 15 in HF bulls.
  • Modulation, microbiota and inflammation in the adult CF gut: A prospective study

    Ronan, NJ; Einarsson, GG; Deane, J; Fouhy, F; Rea, M; Hill, C; Shanahan, F; Elborn, JS; Ross, RP; McCarthy, M; et al. (Elsevier BV, 2022-09)
    Background Cystic Fibrosis (CF) has prominent gastrointestinal and pancreatic manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulation on, gastrointestinal inflammation, pancreatic function and gut microbiota composition in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the G551D-CFTR mutation. Methods Fourteen adult patients with the G551D-CFTR mutation were assessed clinically at baseline and for up to 1 year after treatment with ivacaftor. The change in gut inflammatory markers (calprotectin and lactoferrin), exocrine pancreatic status and gut microbiota composition and structure were assessed in stool samples. Results There was no significant change in faecal calprotectin nor lactoferrin in patients with treatment while all patients remained severely pancreatic insufficient. There was no significant change in gut microbiota diversity and richness following treatment. Conclusion There was no significant change in gut inflammation after partial restoration of CFTR function with ivacaftor, suggesting that excess gut inflammation in CF is multi-factorial in aetiology. In this adult cohort, exocrine pancreatic function was irreversibly lost. Longer term follow-up may reveal more dynamic changes in the gut microbiota and possible restoration of CFTR function.
  • Reagent Free Electrochemical-Based Detection of Silver Ions at Interdigitated Micro Electrodes Using in Situ pH Control

    Wasiewska, Luiza Adela; Seymour, Ian; Patella, Bernardo; Burgess, Catherine; Duffy, Geraldine; O'Riordan, Alan; Science foundation Ireland; 6/RC/3835 (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2020-07-10)
    Silver ions, the most toxic form of silver, can be present in drinking water due to their release from silver nanoparticles which are widely used in consumer products. Due to their adverse health effects, a quick portable approach for detection in drinking water is needed. Herein we report on the development of an electrochemical sensor for silver ions detection in tap water using linear sweep voltammetry with in situ pH control; enabled by closely space interdigitated electrode arrays. The in situ pH control approach, allows the pH of a test solution to be tailored to pH 3 thereby eliminating the current need for acid addition. A calibration curve between 0.2 - 10 µM was established for silver detection in sodium acetate when 1.25 V and 1.65 V was applied at the protonator electrode during deposition and stripping, respectively, as a proof of concept study. For the final application in tap water, 1.65 V was applied at the protonator electrode during deposition and stripping. The chlorine ions, present in tap water as a consequence of the disinfection process, facilitated the silver detection and no additional electrolyte had to be added. Combination of complexation of silver ions with chlorine coupled with in situ pH control resulted in linear calibration range between 0.25 and 2 µM in tap water without the need for acidification.

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