Investigations and implications of associations between mycobacterial purified protein derivative hypersensitivity and MAP-antibody ELISA in Irish dairy cows
Intradermal skin testing
Purified protein derivative
Delayed type hypersensitivity
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CitationA.E. Kennedy, N. Byrne, J. O'Mahony, R.G. Sayers, Investigations and implications of associations between mycobacterial purified protein derivative hypersensitivity and MAP-antibody ELISA in Irish dairy cows, Research in Veterinary Science, 2017, 115, 13-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.01.018
AbstractIntradermal testing, involving administration of purified protein derivative (PPD), to elicit a delayed hypersensitivity (DTH) response, is used as a diagnostic tool for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) and to aid in the identification of exposure to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP), the causative agent of Johne's disease (JD). Further research is required to increase the diagnostic value of skin testing for MAP. The aim of this study was to investigate if animals showing DTH reactions to PPD had an associated increase in MAP ELISA response, thereby identifying potential cases of sub-clinical JD. A 139-cow dairy herd was recruited to the study. During the mandatory annual bTB test, skin thickness measurements (mm) were recorded at the site of avian and bovine PPD administration. Cows were categorised based on recording no DTH, DTH at both PPD administration sites and DTH at one PPD site only. Blood samples were collected pre and post bTB testing, and ELISA tested. Generalised estimating equations were performed to identify associations between DTH responses and MAP ELISA results. Significant associations were identified between PPD DTH responses and MAP ELISA readings. Animals with DTH at both avian and bovine PPD sites were most likely to test ELISA positive in the post-PPD period relative to other categories. Further research is required to identify whether skin thickness increases post-PPD and associated increase in ELISA response, identifies animals previously exposed to MAP, or if results are due to cross reactivity.