Browsing Livestock Systems by Author "Beauchemin, Karen A."
Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from beef cattle production systemsSamsonstuen, Stine; Åby, Bente A.; Crosson, Paul; Beauchemin, Karen A.; Aass, Laila; Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Informa UK Limited, 2020-08-27)The whole-farm model HolosNorBeef was used to estimate the efficiency of GHG emission mitigation strategies in Norwegian beef cattle herds. Various mitigation scenarios, involving female reproductive performance (i.e. calf mortality rate and the number of calves produced per cow per year), production efficiency of young bulls for slaughter (i.e. age at slaughter and carcass weight), and supplementation of an inhibitor currently reported as promising for enteric methane (CH4) inhibition (3-nitrooxypropanol; 3-NOP) was investigated in herds of British and Continental breeds. Reducing calf mortality and increasing the number of produced calves per cow per year both reduced emission intensities by 3% across breeds. Continental breeds showed greater potential of reducing emission intensities due to increased carcass production. Combining mitigation options in a best case scenario reduced the total emissions by 11.7% across breeds. The emission intensities could be further reduced by 8.3% with the use of 3-NOP.
Variability in greenhouse gas emission intensity of semi-intensive suckler cow beef production systemsSamsonstuen, Stine; Åby, Bente A.; Crosson, Paul; Beauchemin, Karen A.; Wetlesen, Marit S.; Bonesmo, Helge; Aass, Laila; Norwegian University of Life Sciences and Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences; The Agriculture and Food Industry Research Funds; Geno Breeding and AI Association; et al. (Elsevier BV, 2020-09)Emission intensities from beef production vary both among production systems (countries) and farms within a country depending upon use of natural resources and management practices. A whole-farm model developed for Norwegian suckler cow herds, HolosNorBeef, was used to estimate GHG emissions from 27 commercial beef farms in Norway with Angus, Hereford, and Charolais cattle. HolosNorBeef considers direct emissions of methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from on-farm livestock production and indirect N2O and CO2 emissions associated with inputs used on the farm. The corresponding soil carbon (C) emissions are estimated using the Introductory Carbon Balance Model (ICBM). The farms were distributed across Norway with varying climate and natural resource bases. The estimated emission intensities ranged from 22.5 to 45.2 kg CO2 equivalents (eq) (kg carcass)−1. Enteric CH4 was the largest source, accounting for 44% of the total GHG emissions on average, dependent on dry matter intake (DMI). Soil C was the largest source of variation between individual farms and accounted for 6% of the emissions on average. Variation in GHG intensity among farms was reduced and farms within region East, Mid and North re-ranked in terms of emission intensities when soil C was excluded. Ignoring soil C, estimated emission intensities ranged from 21.5 to 34.1 kg CO2 eq (kg carcass)−1. High C loss from farms with high initial soil organic carbon (SOC) content warrants further examination of the C balance of permanent grasslands as a potential mitigation option for beef production systems.