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dc.contributor.authorConneely, Muireann*
dc.contributor.authorBerry, Donagh P.*
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, J. P.*
dc.contributor.authorLorenz, I.*
dc.contributor.authorDoherty, M. L.*
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Emer*
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-16T14:40:22Z
dc.date.available2018-08-16T14:40:22Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.identifier.citationM. Conneely, D.P. Berry, J.P. Murphy, I. Lorenz, M.L. Doherty, E. Kennedy. Effect of feeding colostrum at different volumes and subsequent number of transition milk feeds on the serum immunoglobulin G concentration and health status of dairy calves, Journal of Dairy Science, 2014, 97(11), 6991-7000,doi: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2013-7494en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11019/1596
dc.descriptionpeer-revieweden_US
dc.description.abstractTransfer of sufficient IgG to the newborn calf via colostrum is vital to provide it with adequate immunological protection and resistance to disease. The objectives of the present study were to compare serum IgG concentration and health parameters of calves (1) fed different volumes of colostrum [7, 8.5, or 10% of body weight (BW)] within 2 h of birth and (2) given 0, 2, or 4 subsequent feedings of transition milk (i.e., milkings 2 to 6 postcalving). Ninety-nine dairy calves were fed 7, 8.5, or 10% of BW in colostrum within 2 h of birth and given 0, 2, or 4 subsequent feedings of transition milk. The concentration of IgG in the serum of calves was measured at 24, 48, 72, and 642 h of age by an ELISA. The apparent efficiency of absorption for IgG was determined. Health scores were assigned to calves twice per week and all episodes of disease were recorded. The effect of experimental treatment on calf serum IgG concentration differed by the age of the calf. Calves fed 8.5% of BW in colostrum had a greater mean serum IgG concentration than calves fed 7 or 10% of BW at 24, 48, and 72 h of age. At 642 h of age, serum IgG concentrations of calves fed 8.5% of BW (24.2 g/L) and calves fed 10% of BW (21.6 g/L) did not differ, although the serum IgG concentration of calves fed 8.5% of BW was still greater than that of calves fed 7% of BW (20.7 g/L). No difference in serum IgG concentration existed between calves fed 7% of BW and those fed 10% of BW at any age. No significant effect of number of subsequent feedings of transition milk on calf serum IgG concentration was detected. The apparent efficiency of absorption of calves fed 8.5% of BW in colostrum (38%) was greater than calves fed 7% of BW in colostrum (26%) and tended to be greater than in calves fed 10% of BW (29%). Calves fed further feedings of transition milk after the initial feeding of colostrum had a lower odds (0.62; 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.93) of being assigned a worse eye/ear score (i.e., a more copious ocular discharge or pronounced ear droop) and a lower odds (0.5; 95% confidence interval: 0.32 to 0.79) of being assigned a worse nasal score (i.e., a more copious and purulent nasal discharge) during the study period relative to calves that received no further feedings of transition milk. In conclusion, calves fed 8.5% of BW in colostrum within 2 h of birth achieved a greater concentration of IgG in serum in the first 3 d of life than calves fed either 7 or 10% of BW. Feeding calves transition milk subsequently reduced their odds of being assigned a worse eye/ear and nasal score.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevier for American Dairy Science Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJo;vol 97
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectCalfen_US
dc.subjectColostrumen_US
dc.subjectImmunoglobulin Gen_US
dc.titleEffect of feeding colostrum at different volumes and subsequent number of transition milk feeds on the serum immunoglobulin G concentration and health status of dairy calvesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2013-7494
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-16T14:40:22Z


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