Short communication: Multi-component interactions causing solidification during industrial-scale manufacture of pre-crystallized acid whey powders
AuthorDrapala, Kamil P.
Murphy, Kevin M.
Ho, Quang Tri
Crowley, Shane V.
O'Mahony, James A.
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CitationDrapala, K., Murphy, K., Ho, Q., Crowley, S., Mulcahy, S., McCarthy, N. and O'Mahony, J. (2018). Short communication: Multi-component interactions causing solidification during industrial-scale manufacture of pre-crystallized acid whey powders. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(12), 10743-10749. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14836
AbstractAcid whey (AW) is the liquid co-product arising from acid-induced precipitation of casein from skim milk. Further processing of AW is often challenging due to its high mineral content, which can promote aggregation of whey proteins, which contributes to high viscosity of the liquid concentrate during subsequent lactose crystallization and drying steps. This study focuses on mineral precipitation, protein aggregation, and lactose crystallization in liquid AW concentrates (∼55% total solids), and on the microstructure of the final powders from 2 independent industrial-scale trials. These AW concentrates were observed to solidify either during processing or during storage (24 h) of pre-crystallized concentrate. The more rapid solidification in the former was associated with a greater extent of lactose crystallization and a higher ash-to-protein ratio in that concentrate. Confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis indicated the presence of a loose network of protein aggregates (≤10 µm) and lactose crystals (100–300 µm) distributed throughout the solidified AW concentrate. Mineral-based precipitate was also evident, using scanning electron microscopy, at the surface of AW powder particles, indicating the formation of insoluble calcium phosphate during processing. These results provide new information on the composition- and process-dependent physicochemical changes that are useful in designing and optimizing processes for AW.
FunderTechnology Centres Programme
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