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dc.contributor.authorMaire, J.
dc.contributor.authorKrol, Dominika
dc.contributor.authorPasquier, D.
dc.contributor.authorCowan, N.
dc.contributor.authorSkiba, U.
dc.contributor.authorRees, R.M.
dc.contributor.authorReay, D.
dc.contributor.authorLanigan, Gary
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Karl J.
dc.identifier.citationMaire J, Krol D, Pasquier D, Cowan N, Skiba U, Rees RM, Reay D, Lanigan GJ, Richards KG. Nitrogen fertiliser interactions with urine deposit affect nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grasslands. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 2020;290:106784; doi
dc.description.abstractCattle excreta deposited on grazed pastures are responsible for one fifth of the global anthropogenic nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. One of the key nitrogen (N) sources is urine deposited from grazing animals, which contributes to very large N loadings within small areas. The main objective of this plot study was to establish whether the application of N fertiliser and urine deposit from dairy cows synergistically interacts and thereby increases N2O emissions, and how such interaction is influenced by the timing of application. The combined application of fertiliser (calcium ammonium nitrate) and urine significantly increased the cumulative N2O emissions as well as the N2O emission factor (EF) from 0.35 to 0.74 % in spring and from 0.26 to 0.52 % in summer. By contrast, EFs were lower when only fertiliser (0.31 % in spring, 0.07 % in summer) or urine was applied (0.33 % in spring, 0.28 % in summer). In autumn, N2O emissions were larger than in other seasons and the emissions from the combined application were not statistically different to those from either the separately applied urine or N fertiliser (EF ranging from 0.72 to 0.83, p-value < 0.05). The absence of significant synergistic effect could be explained by weather conditions, particularly rainfall during the three days prior to and after application in autumn. This study implies that the interactive effects of N fertilisation and urine deposit, as well as the timing of the application on N2O emission need to be taken into account in greenhouse gas emission inventories.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this work was supported by the Walsh fellowship program at Teagasc, Ireland (fellowship number 2014079) and under the project Manipulation and Integration of Nitrogen Emissions (MINE). This research was also financially supported under the National Development Plan, through the Research Stimulus Fund, administered by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (grant number 15S655).
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAgriculture, Ecosystems & Environment;vol 290
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectCalcium ammonium nitrate fertiliser;en_US
dc.subjectEmission factorsen_US
dc.subjectDairy cattleen_US
dc.titleNitrogen fertiliser interactions with urine deposit affect nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grasslandsen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorTeagasc Walsh Fellowship Programmeen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the Marineen_US

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