• Effect of plant protein mixtures on the microstructure and rheological properties of myofibrillar protein gel derived from red sea bream (Pagrosomus major)

      Lin, Duanquang; Zhang, Longtao; Li, Runjing; Zheng, Baodong; Rea, Mary; Miao, Song; National Natural Science Foundation of China; 31628016 (Elsevier, 2019-11-30)
      In this study, the influence of plant protein mixtures (soy protein isolate (SPI) + peanut protein isolate (PPI), SPI + rice protein isolate (RPI), and PPI + RPI) on the microstructure, rheological properties and molecular driving forces of myofibrillar protein (MP) gels was studied. SPI could form a gel with smoother and denser network, while the structures of PPI and RPI gels were rougher, which led to the network structures of SPI + PPI and SPI + RPI gels but the disrupted structure of PPI + RPI gel. However, the SPI + RPI and PPI + RPI gels with different microstructures exhibited larger gel strength compared to the RPI gel. After mixing MP with the mixture of SPI + PPI and SPI + RPI, the mixed gels became more compact, evener and smoother, while the mixture of PPI + RPI induced more pores to the MP gel. However, G′ values of these three kinds of mixed gels were similar and much larger than that of MP gel. In addition, the molecular driving forces involved in the mixed plant protein gels and mixed MP-plant protein gels were mainly hydrophobic interactions and disulfide bonds.
    • Effect of ultrasound on physicochemical properties of emulsion stabilized by fish myofibrillar protein and xanthan gum

      Xiong, Yao; Li, Qianru; Miao, Song; Zhang, Yi; Zheng, Baodong; Zhang, Longtao; Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University; Fujian Provincial Foreign Cooperation Project; Fujian Provincial Science and Technology Program of Regional Development Project; National Natural Science Foundation of China; et al. (Elsevier, 2019-04-30)
      To investigate the effects ultrasound (20 kHz, 150–600 W) on physicochemical properties of emulsion stabilized by myofibrillar protein (MP) and xanthan gum (XG), the emulsions were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, ζ-potential, particle size, rheology, surface tension, and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). FT-IR spectra confirmed the complexation of MP and XG, and ultrasound did not change the functional groups in the complexes. The emulsion treated at 300 W showed the best stability, with the lowest particle size, the lowest surface tension (26.7 mNm−1) and the largest ζ-potential absolute value (25.4 mV), that were confirmed in the CLSM photos. Ultrasound reduced the apparent viscosity of the MP-XG emulsions, and the changes of particle size were manifested in flow properties. Generally, ultrasound was successfully applied to improve the physical stability of MP-XG emulsion, which could be used as a novel delivery system for functional material.
    • Influence of ultrasound-assisted alkali treatment on the structural properties and functionalities of rice protein

      Zhang, Longtao; Pan, Zheng; Shen, Kaiqing; Cai, Xiaohua; Zheng, Baodong; Miao, Song; China Scholarship Council; 20153012 (Elsevier, 2017-10-27)
      The poor solubility of rice protein (RP) limits its applications in food industry. In this study, the effects of ultrasound-assisted alkali (UAA) treatment on the solubility, structure and functional properties of RP were investigated. Using UAA treatment, the solubility of RP increased with increasing alkali concentration, reaching a maximum value of 19.79 mg/mL at an alkali concentration of 0.08 M. The solubility was improved by 230-fold compared to un-treated samples. In addition, a reduction in particle size and degradation of the protein subunit were observed. UAA seemed to unfold the protein internal structural conformation and expose buried functional groups, which are linked to good emulsifying properties and foaming properties. A decrease in zeta potential was also observed after UAA treatment, which could be the reason for the decreased stability of the emulsion. UAA treatment modified the protein structure and significantly improved solubility.
    • Interactions of vegetable proteins with other polymers: Structure-function relationships and applications in the food industry

      Lin, Duanquan; Lu, Wei; Kelly, Alan L.; Zhang, Longtao; Zheng, Baodong; Miao, Song; National Natural Science Foundation of China; 31628016 (Elsevier, 2017-08-24)
      Background In recent years, there has been increasing interest in vegetable proteins, due to their various health beneficial functions and wide applications in the food industry. Vegetable proteins combined with other edible polymers can be used to improve the quality and nutritional value of food products. In these complex food systems, interactions between different components are inevitable, and these interactions have a significant influence on the structure and functions of food products. Scope and approach This study reviews the current status of knowledge of interactions between vegetable proteins and other polymers (proteins or polysaccharides) in food systems and the structure of complexes formed by these interactions. The study also provides a comprehensive review of the applications of the complexes. Key findings and conclusions Vegetable proteins display different types of interactions with other polymers (e.g., polysaccharides, or animal proteins) under different conditions, thus forming a variety of complexes with different structures (e.g., double networks, mosaic textures and cross-linked structures), which showed different impact on properties of the final food products and their applications (e.g., substitution for fat, or encapsulation for bioactive ingredients) in the food industry. However, previous studies mainly focused on leguminous proteins and vegetable-protein-based mixtures of two polymers, further studies on other vegetable proteins and more complex food systems containing vegetable proteins and other polymers are required.
    • The synthesis and characterization of a xanthan gum-acrylamide-trimethylolpropane triglycidyl ether hydrogel

      Zheng, Meixia; Lian, Fengli; Xiong, Yao; Liu, Bo; Zhu, Yujing; Miao, Song; Zhang, Longtao; Zheng, Baodong; International Science and Technology Cooperation and Exchange Program of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University; National Natural Science Foundation of China; et al. (Elsevier, 2018-08-21)
      To improve the thermal stability and adsorption performance, xanthan gum was modified with acrylamide and trimethylolpropane triglycidyl ether (TTE). The modified xanthan gum (XGTTE) was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractogram (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characteristic peaks at 3449, 1655, 1611 and 1420 cm−1 in the FT-IR confirm the modification. The XGTTE crystal grew well upon addition of TTE. The XRD and DSC data revealed that the XGTTE enhanced its thermal stability. Analysis of SEM revealed that the grafting introduced major changes on the microstructure making it porous and resulting in the adsorption of crystal violet (CV) with flocculation. The CV adsorption capacity of the hydrogel with different dosages of TTE (XGTTE2, XGTTE3, XGTTE4, XGTTE5 and XGTTE6) were between 28.13 with 35.12 mg/g. In addition, the adsorption capacity, thermal stability, and swelling property of XGTTE4 were the best.