• Determination of exposed sulphydryl groups in heated β-lactoglobulin A using IAEDANS and mass spectrometry

      Kehoe, Joseph James; Brodkorb, Andre; Molle, Daniel; Yokoyama, Emilie; Famelart, Marie-Helene; Bouhallab, Said; Morris, Edwin R; Croguennec, Thomas; Teagasc Walsh Fellowship Programme; Enterprise Ireland; et al. (American Chemical Society, 25/07/2007)
      This paper takes a new approach to determining which sulfhydryl groups are exposed during the heat denaturation of bovine β-lactoglobulin A. The sulfhydryl groups exposed after heating were blocked with 5-((((2-iodoacetyl)amino)ethyl)amino)naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (IAEDANS). The results show that IAEDANS is a suitable blocking agent, and its absorbance at 336 nm enabled the quantification of exposed sulfhydryl groups in a mixture of protein species by gel permeation chromatography. Combined with the specific fragmentation of bound IAEDANS by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) MS/MS in negative ionization mode, this facilitated the identification of peptides that contained blocked cysteines after enzymatic digestion of the protein. During MALDI MS/MS of the peptides, in positive ionization mode, the IAEDANS molecule remained bound to the cysteines, making it possible to identify exactly which cysteine had been exposed after heating. In β-lactoglobulin A it was found that cysteine 66 and cysteine 160 were predominantly exposed regardless of the length of exposure to heat.