• Effects of cold atmospheric plasma on mackerel lipid and protein oxidation during storage

      Pérez-Andrés, Juan M.; de Alba, María; Harrison, Sabine M.; Brunton, Nigel; Cullen, P. J.; Tiwari, Brijesh K; European Union; Joint Programming Initiative; 692276; 15/HDHL/1 PROHEALTH (Elsevier BV, 2019-09-27)
      The present study investigated the effects of cold atmospheric plasma on the shelf-life stability of lipids and proteins of commercially packaged mackerel fillets. The results showed no significant effects on lipid oxidation between the control samples and those treated at 80 kV for extended treatment times of 5 min using an in-package plasma system. In addition, no significant changes (p > 0.05) were found in the fatty acid composition or nutritional quality indices after treatment. Finally, the formation of carbonyls was accelerated by plasma treatment at the end of the storage period for 4 °C and 8 °C. These results suggest that cold atmospheric plasma technologies are potentially suitable as processing technologies for the fish industry.
    • Freeze-chilling and gas flushing of raw fish fillets

      Fagan, John; Gormley, Ronan T.; Uí Mhuircheartaigh, Mary M. (Teagasc, 2003-04)
      Freeze-chilling involves freezing and frozen storage followed by thawing and chilled storage. Trials with whiting and mackerel fillets/portions (Part 1) indicated no difference in odour scores (raw samples) between freeze-chilled and chilled samples; however, freeze-chilled salmon portions were inferior to chilled in terms of odour. Fresh fillets received the highest acceptability scores as cooked samples followed by frozen, chilled and freeze-chilled fillets. Freshness indicators were the same for the three species. Freeze-chilled fillets had the highest free fatty acid and peroxide values but the levels were low and did not influence sensory response. The effects of the four treatments on the colour and texture of the raw fillets were small in practical terms and typical shelf-lives in the chill phase of the freeze-chill process were 3 to 5 days. In Part 2, modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) was combined with freezechilling to further extend the shelf-life of raw whiting, mackerel and salmon fillets/portions. Typical shelf-lives in the chill phase for the freeze-chilled fillets were 5 (whiting and mackerel) and 7 (salmon) days. Good manufacturing practice coupled with HACCP and careful tempering (thawing) are essential for the successful freeze-chilling of raw fish fillets. Packs should be labelled ‘previously frozen’ for consumer information. It is concluded that freeze-chilling with MAP is a suitable technology for extending the shelf-life of raw fish fillets.