• Effects of different freshness on the quality of cooked tuna steak

      Miao, Hanlin; Liu, Qin; Bao, Hairong; Wang, Xichang; Miao, Song; National High-tech Research & Development Program of China; #2012AA092302 (Elsevier, 2017-07-10)
      The variation in quality of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) steaks of different freshness after cooking were studied by analyzing K value, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-related compounds content, histamine content, sensory quality, E-nose and E-tongue analysis. The results indicated that when the freshness of raw tuna steak decreased from sashimi grade to cooking grade, IMP content significantly decreased whereas HxR content significantly increased after cooking. With the decrease of freshness, K value of the 4th day sashimi-grade tuna and the 6th day cooking-grade tuna increased from 18% and 24% to 27% and 45% respectively after cooking. The higher histamine content in raw tuna steak, the more significantly increased histamine level of cooked tuna was observed. Raw tuna steaks with sashimi grade have significant variation from those with cooking grade in odor and taste by E-nose and E-tongue analysis after cooking The sensory evaluation showed that the freshness of tuna steak significantly influence the cooking quality (p < 0.05).