Influence of protein standardisation media and heat treatment on viscosity and related physicochemical properties of skim milk concentrate
AuthorMurphy, Kevin M.
Tri Ho, Quang
Drapala, Kamil P.
Keena, Grainne M.
Fenelon, Mark A.
O'Mahony, James A.
McCarthy, Noel A.
Keywordprotein standardisation media
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CitationMurphy, K., Ho, Q., Drapala, K., Keena, G., Fenelon, M., O'Mahony, J. and McCarthy, N. Influence of protein standardisation media and heat treatment on viscosity and related physicochemical properties of skim milk concentrate. International Dairy Journal, 2018, 81, 143-148. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2018.01.010
AbstractThe effects of heat treatment and protein standardisation on the physical properties of skim milk concentrates were determined. Protein standardisation was carried out by the addition of lactose or milk permeate to skim milk. Unstandardised and standardised skim milk was subjected to heat treatment temperatures of 90 or 120 °C prior to evaporation whereafter the solids content was increased to 46% (w/w). Viscosity data showed non-standardised concentrates had the highest viscosity, followed by skim standardised with milk permeate followed by that standardised with lactose. Thermal treatment at 120 °C also resulted in a higher viscosity than that at 90 °C for all concentrates. Particle size data of evaporated skim milk showed a bimodal size distribution for skim milk standardised with liquid milk permeate, compared with monomodal distribution profiles for unstandardised skim milk and lactose standardised skim milk. Overall, this study showed that protein standardisation and standardisation media significantly affected concentrate properties.
FunderDairy Processing Technology Centre; Enterprise Ireland
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