Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorO'Keeffe, M.
dc.contributor.authorKelly, M.
dc.contributor.authorO'Herlihy, E.
dc.contributor.authorO'Toole, P.W.
dc.contributor.authorKearney, P.M.
dc.contributor.authorTimmons, S.
dc.contributor.authorO'Shea, E.
dc.contributor.authorStanton, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorHickson, M.
dc.contributor.authorRolland, Y.
dc.contributor.authorSulmont Rossé, C.
dc.contributor.authorIssanchou, S.
dc.contributor.authorMaitre, I.
dc.contributor.authorStelmach-Mardas, M.
dc.contributor.authorNagel, G.
dc.contributor.authorFlechtner-Mors, M.
dc.contributor.authorWolters, M.
dc.contributor.authorHebestreit, A.
dc.contributor.authorDe Groot, L.C.P.G.M.
dc.contributor.authorvan de Rest, O.
dc.contributor.authorTeh, R.
dc.contributor.authorPeyron, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorDardevet, D.
dc.contributor.authorPapet, I.
dc.contributor.authorSchindler, K.
dc.contributor.authorStreicher, M.
dc.contributor.authorTorbahn, G.
dc.contributor.authorKiesswetter, E.
dc.contributor.authorVisser, M.
dc.contributor.authorVolkert, D.
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, E.M.
dc.identifier.citationO'Keeffe M, Kelly M, O'Herlihy E, O'Toole PW, Kearney PM, Timmons S, O'Shea E, Stanton C, Hickson M, Rolland Y and others. Potentially modifiable determinants of malnutrition in older adults: A systematic review. Clinical Nutrition 2019;38(6):2477-2498; doi
dc.description.abstractBackground & aims Malnutrition in older adults results in significant personal, social, and economic burden. To combat this complex, multifactorial issue, evidence-based knowledge is needed on the modifiable determinants of malnutrition. Systematic reviews of prospective studies are lacking in this area; therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to investigate the modifiable determinants of malnutrition in older adults. Methods A systematic approach was taken to conduct this review. Eight databases were searched. Prospective cohort studies with participants of a mean age of 65 years or over were included. Studies were required to measure at least one determinant at baseline and malnutrition as outcome at follow-up. Study quality was assessed using a modified version of the Quality in Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) tool. Pooling of data in a meta-analysis was not possible therefore the findings of each study were synthesized narratively. A descriptive synthesis of studies was used to present results due the heterogeneity of population source and setting, definitions of determinants and outcomes. Consistency of findings was assessed using the schema: strong evidence, moderate evidence, low evidence, and conflicting evidence. Results Twenty-three studies were included in the final review. Thirty potentially modifiable determinants across seven domains (oral, psychosocial, medication and care, health, physical function, lifestyle, eating) were included. The majority of studies had a high risk of bias and were of a low quality. There is moderate evidence that hospitalisation, eating dependency, poor self-perceived health, poor physical function and poor appetite are determinants of malnutrition. Moderate evidence suggests that chewing difficulties, mouth pain, gum issues co-morbidity, visual and hearing impairments, smoking status, alcohol consumption and physical activity levels, complaints about taste of food and specific nutrient intake are not determinants of malnutrition. There is low evidence that loss of interest in life, access to meals and wheels, and modified texture diets are determinants of malnutrition. Furthermore, there is low evidence that psychological distress, anxiety, loneliness, access to transport and wellbeing, hunger and thirst are not determinants of malnutrition. There appears to be conflicting evidence that dental status, swallowing, cognitive function, depression, residential status, medication intake and/or polypharmacy, constipation, periodontal disease are determinants of malnutrition. Conclusion There are multiple potentially modifiable determinants of malnutrition however strong robust evidence is lacking for the majority of determinants. Better prospective cohort studies are required. With an increasingly ageing population, targeting modifiable factors will be crucial to the effective treatment and prevention of malnutrition.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesClinical Nutrition;
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectOlder adultsen_US
dc.subjectSystematic reviewen_US
dc.subjectProspective cohort studiesen_US
dc.titlePotentially modifiable determinants of malnutrition in older adults: A systematic reviewen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorAustrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Researchen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorEcole Supérieure d’Agricultiresen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorFederal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomiqueen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorFederal Ministry of Food and Agricultureen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the Marineen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorHealth Research Boarden_US
dc.contributor.sponsorInstituto de Salud Carlos III, Spainen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorThe Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Developmenten_US
dc.contributor.sponsorMaNuEL Knowledge Huben_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumberFAU: 2815ERA10Een_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumberBIPS: 815ERA09Een_US

Files in this item

Potentially modifiable determinants ...
main article

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States