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dc.contributor.authorvan Staaveren, Nienke
dc.contributor.authorHanlon, Alison
dc.contributor.authorBoyle, Laura
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-04T11:16:10Z
dc.date.available2020-08-04T11:16:10Z
dc.date.issued2019-09-12
dc.identifier.citationvan Staaveren, N.; Hanlon, A.; Boyle, L.A. Damaging Behaviour and Associated Lesions in Relation to Types of Enrichment for Finisher Pigs on Commercial Farms. Animals 2019, 9, 677. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9090677en_US
dc.identifier.issn2076-2615
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11019/2226
dc.descriptionpeer-revieweden_US
dc.description.abstractEU legislation states that all pigs must have access to material that allows them to perform investigation and manipulation activities, thereby reducing the risk of pigs performing damaging behaviours (e.g., tail, ear and flank biting). We aimed to determine associations between damaging behaviours performed by finisher pigs, the related lesions and the use of different types of enrichment. Six randomly selected pens of finisher pigs were observed for 10 min each on 31 commercial pig farms in Ireland. All pigs were counted and the number of pigs affected by tail, ear and flank lesions was recorded. During the last 5 min, all occurrences of damaging behaviour (tail-, ear- and flank-directed behaviour) were recorded. The type (chain, plastic or wood) and number of accessible enrichment objects/pen was recorded. Chains were the most common (41.4% of farms), followed by plastic (37.9%) and wood (20.7%). Damaging behaviour was more frequent on farms that provided chains compared to plastic or wood. Farms with chains were associated with a higher frequency of flank-directed behaviour and tended to be associated with a higher frequency of tail-directed behaviour compared to farms that provided plastic devices. The prevalence of lesions tended to be higher on farms where chains were provided compared to wooden enrichment devices, mostly driven by a difference in the prevalence of mild tail lesions. Results support expert opinions that despite being commonly used, chains did not fulfill a role in reducing damaging behaviours and associated lesions in finisher pigs compared to other forms of enrichment.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAnimals;9
dc.rightsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectenrichmenten_US
dc.subjectdamaging behaviouren_US
dc.subjecttail bitingen_US
dc.subjecttail lesionsen_US
dc.subjectear bitingen_US
dc.subjectear lesionsen_US
dc.subjectflank bitingen_US
dc.subjectflank lesionsen_US
dc.subjectswineen_US
dc.titleDamaging Behaviour and Associated Lesions in Relation to Types of Enrichment for Finisher Pigs on Commercial Farmsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ani9090677
dc.contributor.sponsorDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the Marineen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorTeagasc Walsh Fellowship Programmeen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumber11/S/107en_US
dc.source.volume9
dc.source.issue9
dc.source.beginpage677
refterms.dateFOA2020-08-04T11:16:11Z


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