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dc.contributor.authorDoyle, Natasha
dc.contributor.authorMbandlwa, Philiswa
dc.contributor.authorKelly, William J.
dc.contributor.authorAttwood, Graeme
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yang
dc.contributor.authorRoss, R. Paul
dc.contributor.authorSTANTON, CATHERINE
dc.contributor.authorLeahy, Sinead
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-28T11:57:33Z
dc.date.available2020-08-28T11:57:33Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-01
dc.identifier.citationDoyle N, Mbandlwa P, Kelly WJ, Attwood G, Li Y, Ross RP, Stanton C and Leahy S (2019) Use of Lactic Acid Bacteria to Reduce Methane Production in Ruminants, a Critical Review. Front. Microbiol. 10:2207. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.02207en_US
dc.identifier.issn1664-302X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11019/2324
dc.descriptionpeer-revieweden_US
dc.description.abstractEnteric fermentation in ruminants is the single largest anthropogenic source of agricultural methane and has a significant role in global warming. Consequently, innovative solutions to reduce methane emissions from livestock farming are required to ensure future sustainable food production. One possible approach is the use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Gram positive bacteria that produce lactic acid as a major end product of carbohydrate fermentation. LAB are natural inhabitants of the intestinal tract of mammals and are among the most important groups of microorganisms used in food fermentations. LAB can be readily isolated from ruminant animals and are currently used on-farm as direct-fed microbials (DFMs) and as silage inoculants. While it has been proposed that LAB can be used to reduce methane production in ruminant livestock, so far research has been limited, and convincing animal data to support the concept are lacking. This review has critically evaluated the current literature and provided a comprehensive analysis and summary of the potential use and mechanisms of LAB as a methane mitigation strategy. It is clear that although there are some promising results, more research is needed to identify whether the use of LAB can be an effective methane mitigation option for ruminant livestock.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFrontiers in Microbiology;10
dc.rightsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectlactic acid bacteriaen_US
dc.subjectmethaneen_US
dc.subjectmethanogensen_US
dc.subjectbacteriocinsen_US
dc.subjectdirect-fed microbialsen_US
dc.subjectsilage inoculantsen_US
dc.subjectmitigationen_US
dc.titleUse of Lactic Acid Bacteria to Reduce Methane Production in Ruminants, a Critical Reviewen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.02207
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Unionen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorTeagasc Walsh Fellowship Programmeen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorNew Zealand Governmenten_US
dc.source.volume10
refterms.dateFOA2020-08-28T11:57:33Z


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