Protein quality and quantity influence the effect of dietary fat on weight gain and tissue partitioning via host-microbiota changes
Rudolf, Agata M.
Bastiaanssen, Thomaz F.S.
Mitchell, Sharon E.
Cryan, John F.
Cotter, Paul D.
Speakman, John R.
Keywordhigh fat intake
high protein intake
body weight and tissue correlation
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CitationNychyk O, Barton W, Rudolf AM, Boscaini S, Walsh A, Bastiaanssen TFS, Giblin L, Cormican P, Chen L, Piotrowicz Y and others. Protein quality and quantity influence the effect of dietary fat on weight gain and tissue partitioning via host-microbiota changes. Cell Reports 2021;35(6):109093; doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109093
AbstractWe investigated how protein quantity (10%–30%) and quality (casein and whey) interact with dietary fat (20%–55%) to affect metabolic health in adult mice. Although dietary fat was the main driver of body weight gain and individual tissue weight, high (30%) casein intake accentuated and high whey intake reduced the negative metabolic aspects of high fat. Jejunum and liver transcriptomics revealed increased intestinal permeability, low-grade inflammation, altered lipid metabolism, and liver dysfunction in casein-fed but not whey-fed animals. These differential effects were accompanied by altered gut size and microbial functions related to amino acid degradation and lipid metabolism. Fecal microbiota transfer confirmed that the casein microbiota increases and the whey microbiota impedes weight gain. These data show that the effects of dietary fat on weight gain and tissue partitioning are further influenced by the quantity and quality of the associated protein, primarily via effects on the microbiota.
FunderScience Foundation Ireland; BBSRC; Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine
Grant NumberSFI/16/BBSRC/3389; BB/P009875/1; 16/RC/3835
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