Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG soluble mediators ameliorate early life stress-induced visceral hypersensitivity and changes in spinal cord gene expression
AuthorMcVey Neufeld, Karen-Anne
Strain, Conall R.
Pusceddu, Matteo M.
Waworuntu, Rosaline V.
M. Moloney, Gerry
Hoban, Alan E.
Dinan, Timothy G.
Cryan, John F.
O'Mahony, Siobhain M.
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CitationKaren-Anne McVey Neufeld, Conall R. Strain, Matteo M. Pusceddu, Rosaline V. Waworuntu, Sarmauli Manurung, Gabriele Gross, Gerry M. Moloney, Alan E. Hoban, Kiera Murphy, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G. Dinan, John F. Cryan, Siobhain M. O'Mahony; Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG soluble mediators ameliorate early life stress-induced visceral hypersensitivity and changes in spinal cord gene expression. Neuronal Signal 23 December 2020; 4 (4): NS20200007. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/NS20200007
AbstractVisceral hypersensitivity is a hallmark of many functional and stress-related gastrointestinal disorders, and there is growing evidence that the gut microbiota may play a role in its pathophysiology. It has previously been shown that early life stress-induced visceral sensitivity is reduced by various probiotic strains of bacteria (including Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG)) alone or in combination with prebiotic fibres in rat models. However, the exact mechanisms underpinning such effects remain unresolved. Here, we investigated if soluble mediators derived from LGG can mimic the bacteria’s effects on visceral hypersensitivity and the microbiota–gut–brain axis. Rats were exposed to maternal separation (MS) from postnatal days 2–12. From weaning onwards both non-separated (NS) and MS offspring were provided drinking water with or without supplementation of standardized preparations of the LGG soluble mediators (LSM). Our results show that MS led to increased visceral sensitivity and exaggerated corticosterone plasma levels following restraint stress in adulthood, and both of these effects were ameliorated through LSM supplementation. Differential regulation of various genes in the spinal cord of MS versus NS rats was observed, 41 of which were reversed by LSM supplementation. At the microbiota composition level MS led to changes in beta diversity and abundance of specific bacteria including parabacteroides, which were ameliorated by LSM. These findings support probiotic soluble mediators as potential interventions in the reduction of symptoms of visceral hypersensitivity.
FunderMead Johnson Nutrition
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