The role of colloids and other fractions in the below-ground delivery of phosphorus from agricultural hillslopes to streams
MetadataShow full item record
StatisticsDisplay Item Statistics
CitationMaëlle Fresne, Phil Jordan, Karen Daly, Owen Fenton, Per-Erik Mellander, The role of colloids and other fractions in the below-ground delivery of phosphorus from agricultural hillslopes to streams, CATENA, Volume 208, 2022, 105735, ISSN 0341-8162, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105735.
AbstractColloids can be important for facilitated transfer of phosphorus (P) to groundwater (GW) and contribute to elevated P concentrations later delivered to surface water. To assess the role of colloidal P and other P fractions in delivery processes via below-ground pathways, this study investigated the influence of catchment and flow event characteristics on particulate (>450 nm), medium-sized colloidal (200–450 nm) and fine (<200 nm) P fractions in two agricultural hillslopes (TG, TA). Total and dissolved P fractions and their derivatives were also monitored. Samples in both stream and GW were taken weekly during baseflow conditions and every 2 h during storm conditions. Higher frequency monitoring of streamflow was also conducted to delineate hydrological flowpaths and determine P loads and hysteresis processes. Results indicated that during baseflow fine P was dominant in the streams (80 to 100 % of total P) and in shallow GW in TA (83 to 96 %) whereas in TG shallow GW was dominated by PP (55 to 96 %) possibly due to colloidal Fe-P complexes. Similarly, in TG shallow GW was dominated by PP (79 to 81 %) during high flow events. During a larger flow event (within the period of land fertilization) the quickflow pathway (24 % of total flow) delivered 3.2 g ha−1 of PP which was dominant in the stream (44 to 68 %). A smaller flow event (within the period of prohibited land fertilization) facilitated delivery of P via deeper baseflow pathways (87 % of total flow) as fine reactive P (1.3 g ha−1), also dominant in the stream (73 to 78 %). The research indicated a very limited presence of medium-sized colloidal P but a large presence of fine P that may contribute to elevating P concentrations above environmental thresholds. Further work should constrain the controlling factors for colloidal P presence/absence and also on the extent and speciation of coarser and finer fractions in the hillslope to stream continuum.
FunderDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the Marine; Teagasc Walsh Scholarship programme
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.