Novel Beverages of Yerba-Mate and Soy: Bioactive Compounds and Functional Properties
|Frizon, C.N.T.; Perussello, C.A.; Sturion, J.A.; Hoffmann-Ribani, R. Novel Beverages of Yerba-Mate and Soy: Bioactive Compounds and Functional Properties. Beverages 2018, 4, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4010021
|In this paper, two high-nutrition commodities that are produced in great amounts in Brazil were joined in a single functional product. Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) is rich in bioactive compounds, while soybean is a high-quality protein source. The objective of this paper was to assess the psychochemical characteristics of two yerba-mate progenies (planted–PL and native–NT leaves) and then confirm whether the functional and nutritional properties of the main ingredients were conveyed to the beverage produced. The main raw material, yerba-mate leaves, and the drinks were assessed for bioactive compounds, antioxidant capacity, physicochemical properties, and nutritional value. Planted leaves showed higher concentration of 5-CQA, caffeic acid and rutin than the native plant, whereas caffeine and theobromine were detected in larger amounts in native leaves. The nutritional profile of the drinks was compared to commercial beverages–either yerba-mate-based or soy-based. They indeed provide more protein, fiber, and fats than traditional yerba-mate beverages (chimarrão, tererê, and mate tea). Soy drinks currently marketed, for their turn, have similar caloric value and higher contents of lipid and protein as compared to our product, but are poor in fibers. NT drink (DPPH—IC50 92.83 and ABTS—8.18 μM Trolox/mL) had higher antioxidant activity than PL (IC50 147.06 and 5.63 μM Trolox/mL) due to the greater volume fraction of yerba-mate extract. NT beverage has more 5-CQA and caffeine in the same intake of tererê and traditional mate tea. This healthy beverage contributes to an increasing income to the food industry and yerba-mate producers, and environmental gains that are related to the exploration of natural resources.
|Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
|Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
|Novel Beverages of Yerba-Mate and Soy: Bioactive Compounds and Functional Properties
|CAPES Brazil (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel)
|Embrapa-Florestas (Colombo, PR, Brazil)