DNA extraction and amplicon production strategies deeply inf luence the outcome of gut mycobiome studies
Kenny, John G.
Campbell, Barry J.
Ijaz, Umer Z.
Duckworth, Carrie A.
Burkitt, Michael D.
Darby, Alistair C.
Probert, Christopher S. J.
MetadataShow full item record
StatisticsDisplay Item Statistics
CitationFrau, A., Kenny, J.G., Lenzi, L. et al. DNA extraction and amplicon production strategies deeply inf luence the outcome of gut mycobiome studies. Sci Rep 9, 9328 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44974-x
AbstractMicrobial ecology studies are often performed through extraction of metagenomic DNA followed by amplifcation and sequencing of a marker. It is known that each step may bias the results. These biases have been explored for the study of bacterial communities, but rarely for fungi. Our aim was therefore to evaluate methods for the study of the gut mycobiome. We frst evaluated DNA extraction methods in fungal cultures relevant to the gut. Afterwards, to assess how these methods would behave with an actual sample, stool from a donor was spiked with cells from the same cultures. We found that diferent extraction kits favour some species and bias against others. In terms of amplicon sequencing, we evaluated fve primer sets, two for ITS2 and one for ITS1, 18S and 28S rRNA. Results showed that 18S rRNA outperformed the other markers: it was able to amplify all the species in the mock community and to discriminate among them. ITS primers showed both amplifcation and sequencing biases, the latter related to the variable length of the product. We identifed several biases in the characterisation of the gut mycobiome and showed how crucial it is to be aware of these before drawing conclusions from the results of these studies.
FunderCrohn’s and Colitis UK (CCUK)
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International