Effect of bovine feeding system (pasture or concentrate) on the oxidative and sensory shelf life of whole milk powder
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CitationH.J. Clarke, C. Griffin, D. Hennessy, T.F. O'Callaghan, M.G. O'Sullivan, J.P. Kerry, K.N. Kilcawley, Effect of bovine feeding system (pasture or concentrate) on the oxidative and sensory shelf life of whole milk powder, Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 104, Issue 10, 2021, Pages 10654-10668, ISSN 0022-0302, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2021-20299.
AbstractCorrelating volatile compounds with the sensory attributes of whole milk powder (WMP) is fundamental for appreciating the effect of lipid oxidation (LO) on sensory perception. LO compounds can adversely affect the sensory perception of WMP by imparting rancid, metallic, and painty notes. Whole milk powders derived from milk produced by cows maintained on a pasture diet (grass and grass-clover mix) versus a nonpasture diet [total mixed ration (TMR); concentrates and silage] were stored at room temperature 21°C (ambient storage) and 37°C (accelerated storage) and analyzed for volatile compounds and sensory attributes every 2 mo for a total of 6 mo. Thirteen volatile compounds originating from LO were chosen to track the volatile profile of the WMP during storage. Color, composition, total fatty acid, and free fatty acid profiling were also carried out. Significant variations in the concentrations of 14 fatty acids were observed in WMP based on diet. Concentrations of free fatty acids increased in all sample types during storage. Similar trends in sensory attributes were observed with an increase in painty attributes, corresponding to an increase in hexanal. Buttery/toffee attributes were found to be more closely correlated with TMR WMP. Those WMP derived from pasture diets were found to be more susceptible to LO from a volatile perspective, particularly in relation to aldehyde development, which is likely due to increased concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid found in these samples.
FunderTeagasc Walsh Scholarship; Teagasc
Grant Number2016071; Project 0044, Profiling Milk from Grass
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