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dc.contributor.authorDoran, M.J.
dc.contributor.authorMulligan, F.J.
dc.contributor.authorLynch, M.B.
dc.contributor.authorFahey, A.G.
dc.contributor.authorRyan, N.J.
dc.contributor.authorMcDonnell, C.
dc.contributor.authorMcCabe, S.
dc.contributor.authorPierce, K.M.
dc.identifier.citationM.J. Doran, F.J. Mulligan, M.B. Lynch, A.G. Fahey, N.J. Ryan, C. McDonnell, S. McCabe, K.M. Pierce, Effect of supplement crude protein concentration on milk production over the main grazing season and on nitrogen excretion in late-lactation grazing dairy cows, Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 105, Issue 1, 2022, Pages 347-360, ISSN 0022-0302,
dc.description.abstractThe objectives of this study are to evaluate the effects of (1) a potential interaction between supplement crude protein (CP) concentration and differing cow genotypes on milk production, (2) differing cow genotypes on milk production, and (3) decreasing the supplement CP concentration on milk production and N excretion during the main grazing season within a spring-calving herd. A 2 × 2 factorial arrangement experiment, with 2 feeding strategies [14%; n = 30 (lower CP; LCP) and 18%; n = 28 (higher CP; HCP) CP concentrate supplements] offered at varying levels according to pasture availability and days in milk (DIM) was conducted over the main grazing season from April 3 to September 3, 2019, at University College Dublin Lyons Farm. Cows were also grouped into 2 genotype groups: lower milk genotype; n = 30 [LM; milk kg predicted transmitting ability (PTA): 45 ± 68.6 (mean ± SD); fat kg PTA: 10 ± 4.9; and protein kg PTA: 7 ± 2.3] and higher milk genotype; n = 28 [HM; milk kg PTA: 203 ± 55.0; fat kg PTA: 13 ± 3.8; and protein kg PTA: 10 ± 2.4]. A total of 46 multiparous and 12 primiparous (total; 58) Holstein Friesian dairy cows were blocked on parity and balanced on DIM, body condition score, and Economic Breeding Index. Cows were offered a basal diet of grazed perennial ryegrass pasture. The N partitioning study took place from August 25 to 30, 2019 (187 ± 15.2 DIM). No interactions were observed for any milk production or milk composition parameter. No effect of supplement CP concentration was observed for any total accumulated milk production, daily milk production, or milk composition parameter measured. The HM cows had increased daily milk yield (+1.9 kg), fat and protein (+0.15 kg), and energy-corrected milk (+1.7 kg), compared with the LM cows. Furthermore, HM cows had decreased milk protein concentration (−0.1%) compared with LM cows. For the N partitioning study, cows offered LCP had increased pasture dry matter intake (PDMI; +0.9 kg/d), dietary N intake (+0.022 kg/d), feces N excretion (+0.016 kg/d), and decreased N partitioning to milk (−2%), and N utilization efficiency (−2.3%). In conclusion, offering cows LCP had no negative influence on milk production or milk composition over the main grazing season where high pasture quality was maintained. However, any potential negative effects of offering LCP on milk production may have been offset by the increased PDMI. Furthermore, offering cows LCP decreased N utilization efficiency due to the higher PDMI and feed N intake associated with cows on this treatment in our study.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Dairy Science;Vol 105
dc.rights© 2021 The Authors.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.subjectdairy cowen_US
dc.subjectsupplement crude proteinen_US
dc.subjectmilk productionen_US
dc.subjectnitrogen excretionen_US
dc.titleEffect of supplement crude protein concentration on milk production over the main grazing season and on nitrogen excretion in late-lactation grazing dairy cowsen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorEnterprise Irelanden_US
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Unionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Dairy Science

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