Effect of multicarbohydrase enzymes containing α-galactosidase on the growth and apparent metabolizable energy digestibility of broiler chickens: a meta-analysis
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CitationS. Llamas-Moya, N.F. Higgins, R. Adhikari, P.G. Lawlor, S. Lacey, Effect of multicarbohydrase enzymes containing α-galactosidase on the growth and apparent metabolizable energy digestibility of broiler chickens: a meta-analysis, Animal Feed Science and Technology, Volume 277, 2021, 114949, ISSN 0377-8401, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2021.114949.
AbstractExogenous enzyme supplementation is a valid strategy to improve nutrient availability and growth performance in broilers. Traditional carbohydrases, such as xylanase and β-glucanase, are well-researched solutions to increase the nutritional value of cereal grains, whilst reducing any negative impact of associated viscous polysaccharides. The feeding value of soybean meal and other protein rich oilcakes may not be fully exploited with traditional enzymes, as structures such as galacto-oligosaccharides and pectins require specific α-galactosidase, mannanase and other hemicellulolytic enzymes. This study aimed to summarize, in a meta-analysis, the results from independently run randomized controlled studies in various global locations that evaluated the effect of two distinct multicarbohydrase formulations, in which an α-galactosidase was combined with either xylanase (AGX) or β-glucanase (AGB). Through meta-regression analysis, the mean difference effects of AGX and AGB supplementation on broiler final body weight (BW), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEN) were calculated for each relevant study. Fixed and random-effects models were used to compute the standardized mean difference (SMD) and confidence intervals, with corrective actions taken to ensure compliance with publication bias and heterogeneity by the Egger test and the Cochran Q test. Adjusted models showed that the AGX supplementation increased broiler BW (SMD=+30 g; 95 % CI: 0.08_0.48; P = 0.006) and improved FCR (SMD=−0.01 g/g; 95 % CI: -0.51_-0.11; P = 0.002). A composite evaluation of independent studies showed increased AMEN in broilers supplemented with AGX (SMD=+58 kcal/kg; 95 % CI: 0.45_1.10; P < 0.001). Furthermore, meta-analysis confirms that AGB supplementation increased BW (SMD=+56 g; 95 % CI: 0.32_0.91; P < 0.001), improved FCR (SMD=−0.04 g/g; 95 % CI: −0.76_−0.20; P = 0.006) and increased AMEN (SMD=+49 kcal/kg; 95 % CI: 0.30_1.07; P < 0.001). Overall, this meta-analysis found that dietary supplementation of broiler diets with the multicarbohydrases containing α-galactosidase considered in this evaluation, improved broiler growth during rearing periods of 35 days or more. These improvements may be supported by increases in energy utilization, as found in this study.
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