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dc.contributor.authorMcGovern, Fiona Mary
dc.contributor.authorMcHugh, Noirin
dc.contributor.authorFitzmaurice, Shauna
dc.contributor.authorPabiou, Thierry
dc.contributor.authorMcDermott, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorWall, Eamon
dc.contributor.authorFetherstone, Nicola
dc.identifier.citationFiona Mary McGovern, Noirin McHugh, Shauna Fitzmaurice, Thierry Pabiou, Kevin McDermott, Eamon Wall, Nicola Fetherstone, Phenotypic factors associated with lamb live weight and carcass composition measurements in an Irish multi-breed sheep population, Translational Animal Science, Volume 4, Issue 4, October 2020, txaa206,
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the phenotypic factors that affect lamb live weight and carcass composition is imperative to generating accurate genetic evaluations and further enables implementation of functional management strategies. This study investigated phenotypic factors affecting live weight across the growing season and traits associated with carcass composition in lambs from a multibreed sheep population. Four live weight traits and two carcass composition traits were considered for analysis namely; birth, preweaning, weaning, and postweaning weight, and ultrasound muscle depth and fat depth. A total of 427,927 records from 159,492 lambs collected from 775 flocks between the years 2016 and 2019, inclusive were available from the Irish national sheep database. Factors associated with live weight and carcass composition were determined using linear mixed models. The heaviest birth, preweaning, and weaning weights were associated with single born lambs (P < 0.001), however by postweaning, there was no difference observed in the weights of single and twin born lambs (P > 0.01). Breed class affected lamb live weight and carcass composition with terminal lambs weighing heaviest and having greater muscle depth than all other breed classes investigated (P < 0.001). Lambs born to first parity dams were consistently lighter, regardless of time of weighing (P < 0.001), while dams lambing for the first time as ewe lambs produced lighter lambs than those lambing for the first time as hoggets (P < 0.001). Greater heterosis coefficients (i.e., >90% and ≤100%) resulted in heavier lambs at weaning compared with lambs with lower levels of heterosis coefficients (P < 0.001). A heterosis coefficient class <10% resulted in lambs with greater muscle depth while recombination loss of <10% increased ultrasound fat depth (P < 0.001). Results from this study highlight the impact of multiple animal level factors on lamb live weight and carcass composition which will enable more accurate bio-economic models and genetic evaluations going forward.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipIrish Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine Research Stimulus Fund
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTranslational Animal Science;Vol 4
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.subjectcarcass compositionen_US
dc.subjectlive weighten_US
dc.subjectphenotypic factorsen_US
dc.titlePhenotypic factors associated with lamb live weight and carcass composition measurements in an Irish multi-breed sheep populationen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorIrish Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marineen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumberMULTIREPRO (16/S/696)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumberGREENBREED (17/S/235)en_US
dc.source.journaltitleTranslational Animal Science

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