An investigation of extracellular vesicles in bovine colostrum, first milk and milk over the lactation curve
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CitationJessie Santoro, Anindya Mukhopadhya, Charlotte Oliver, Andre Brodkorb, Linda Giblin, Lorraine O'Driscoll, An investigation of extracellular vesicles in bovine colostrum, first milk and milk over the lactation curve, Food Chemistry, Volume 401, 2023, 134029, ISSN 0308-8146, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.134029.
AbstractExtracellular vesicles (EVs) in milk have claimed benefits ranging from conveying immunological privilege to infants to being suitable as natural delivery vehicles for therapeutic drugs. However, a longitudinal study of bovine EVs quantities and characteristics in colostrum (COL), first milk (FM) and throughout the lactation curve of mature milk (MM) had never been performed and so was our aim. COL, FM and 9 months of MM samples were collected. Caseins -overlapping size with EVs- were removed. EVs were collected by density gradient ultracentrifugation and characterised by SDS-PAGE, Bradford assay, nanoparticle tracking analysis, immunoblotting, imaging flow cytometry analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. COL and FM had substantially more EVs than MM, with COL enriched in small EVs. No significant differences were observed between months 1–9 of MM. Altogether, although COL and FM are particularly rich sources of EVs, mature milk throughout the lactation curve is also an abundant source of intact EVs.
FunderDepartment of Agriculture, Food & Marine, Ireland; Science Foundation Ireland
Grant Number17/F/234; 16/RC/3835 VistaMilk
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