Effects of pen faeces and feed contamination in biomarkers determination in oral fluid of pigs
Rubio, Camila P.
Cerón, José J.
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CitationLorena Franco-Martínez, Alba Ortín-Bustillo, Camila P. Rubio, Damián Escribano, Marina López-Arjona, Edgar García-Manzanilla, José J. Cerón, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Fernando Tecles, Effects of pen faeces and feed contamination in biomarkers determination in oral fluid of pigs, Research in Veterinary Science, Volume 152, 2022, Pages 403-409, ISSN 0034-5288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2022.09.003.
AbstractThe present study aims to evaluate the possible effects of the presence of pen faeces and feed on the measurement of a panel of biomarkers in porcine oral fluid. For this, clean porcine oral fluid was pooled and incubated with two different concentrations of pen faeces or feed representing a high or low level of contamination with each material. In addition, these pools were aliquoted and subjected to centrifugation, filtration or chemical clarification to evaluate if these techniques could revert the effects of those contaminants in biomarker evaluation. A panel of 21 biomarkers that assessed stress, inflammation, immune system and redox homeostasis among others, were measured for all aliquots. Changes of statistical relevance (p < 0.05) in oral fluid contaminated with pen faeces or feed versus untreated samples were observed for all methods employed with the exception of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and creatine kinase (CK) in oral fluid contaminated with pen faeces or feed. Pen faeces did not affect the measurement of haptoglobin, superoxide dismutase, CK, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), ADA and cortisol (when the latter is measured by chemiluminescence); while uric acid, LDH, CK, ADA, and hydrogen peroxide methods were not affected by the presence of feed in oral fluid. The effects of centrifugation, filtration or chemical clarification with chitosan in these contaminated samples were modest and for most cases did not caused baseline levels on the measured biomarkers. In conclusion, the presence of pen faeces or feed in porcine oral fluid can interfere with the results obtained when analytes are measured.
FunderEuropean Union; Fundación Séneca; Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain
Grant NumberPCI2020-120712-2; 21603/FPI/21; FJC2019-042475-I
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