Modulation, microbiota and inflammation in the adult CF gut: A prospective study
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CitationNJ Ronan, GG Einarsson, J Deane, F Fouhy, M Rea, C Hill, F Shanahan, JS Elborn, RP Ross, M McCarthy, DM Murphy, JA Eustace, Tunney MM, C Stanton, BJ Plant, Modulation, microbiota and inflammation in the adult CF gut: A prospective study, Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, Volume 21, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 837-843, ISSN 1569-1993, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2022.06.002.
AbstractBackground Cystic Fibrosis (CF) has prominent gastrointestinal and pancreatic manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulation on, gastrointestinal inflammation, pancreatic function and gut microbiota composition in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the G551D-CFTR mutation. Methods Fourteen adult patients with the G551D-CFTR mutation were assessed clinically at baseline and for up to 1 year after treatment with ivacaftor. The change in gut inflammatory markers (calprotectin and lactoferrin), exocrine pancreatic status and gut microbiota composition and structure were assessed in stool samples. Results There was no significant change in faecal calprotectin nor lactoferrin in patients with treatment while all patients remained severely pancreatic insufficient. There was no significant change in gut microbiota diversity and richness following treatment. Conclusion There was no significant change in gut inflammation after partial restoration of CFTR function with ivacaftor, suggesting that excess gut inflammation in CF is multi-factorial in aetiology. In this adult cohort, exocrine pancreatic function was irreversibly lost. Longer term follow-up may reveal more dynamic changes in the gut microbiota and possible restoration of CFTR function.
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