Shared and non-shared sIgA-coated and uncoated bacteria in intestine of mother-infant pairs
Ross, R. Paul
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CitationDing M, Chen H, Yu R, Ross RP, Stanton C, Zhang H, Yang B, Chen W. Shared and Non-Shared sIgA-Coated and -Uncoated Bacteria in Intestine of Mother-Infant Pairs. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Aug 30;23(17):9873. doi: 10.3390/ijms23179873. PMID: 36077271; PMCID: PMC9456154.
AbstractThe infant gut microbiota is critical for promoting and maintaining early-life health. The study aimed to analyze the composition of sIgA-coated and sIgA-uncoated bacterial communities at genus level and lactobacilli and bifidobacterial communities at species level in human breast milk (HBM) and infant and maternal feces. Eleven pregnant women were recruited successfully. HBM; infant feces during colostrum, transition, and mature stages; and maternal feces within the mature stage were collected. sIgA-coated and sIgA-uncoated bacteria were separated with magnetic-activated cell sorting. Then, 16S rRNA sequencing, bifidobacterial groEL gene sequencing, and lactobacilli groEL gene sequencing were performed to analyze the bacterial community. PCoA revealed that the compositions of sIgA-coated and sIgA-uncoated bacteria were different among HBM and infant and maternal feces. Higher relative abundance of sIgA-uncoated Bifidobacterium was found in the three lactation stages in infant feces compared to the corresponding HBM, and a higher relative abundance of sIgA-uncoated Faecalibacterium was found in maternal feces compared to HBM and infant feces. For bifidobacterial community, sIgA-coated and sIgA-uncoated B. longum subsp. infantis and B. pseudocatenulatum was dominant in infant feces and maternal feces, respectively. The relative abundance of sIgA-uncoated B. longum subsp. infantis was significantly higher in infant feces compared to that in maternal feces. For the Lactobacillus community, L. paragasseri and L. mucosae were dominant in infant and maternal feces, respectively. HBM and infant and maternal feces showed distinct diversity and composition of both sIgA-coated and sIgA-uncoated bacteria at genus level. Infant and maternal feces showed similar composition of Bifidobacterium at species level. The same Bifidobacterium species could be detected both in sIgA-coated and -uncoated form. This article provided deeper understanding on the microbiota profile in HBM and infant and maternal feces.
FunderNational Key R&D Program of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province; Nutrition and Care of Maternal & Child Research Fund Project of Guangzhou Biostime Institute of Nutrition & Care
Grant Number2021YFD2100700; Nos. 32021005, 31820103010; KYCX20_1866; 2020BINCMCF003
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