A mating advice system in dairy cattle incorporating genomic information
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CitationT.R. Carthy, J. McCarthy, D.P. Berry, A mating advice system in dairy cattle incorporating genomic information, Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 102, Issue 9, 2019, Pages 8210-8220, ISSN 0022-0302, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-16283.
AbstractThis study investigated the effects of alternative mating programs that incorporate genomic information on expected progeny herd performance and inbreeding, as well as methods to include un-genotyped animals in such mating programs. A total of 54,535 Holstein-Friesian cattle with imputed high-density genotypes (547,650 SNP after edits) were available. First, to quantify the accuracy of imputing un-genotyped animals (often an issue in populations), a sub-population of 729 genotyped animals had their genotypes masked, and their allele dosages were imputed, using linear regression exploiting information on genotyped relatives. The reference population for imputation included all genotyped animals, excluding the 729 selected animals and their sires, dams, and grandsires, and had either (1) their sires' genotypes, (2) their dams' genotypes (3) both their sires' and their dams' genotypes, or (4) both their sires' and maternal grandsires' genotypes introduced into the reference population. The correlations between true genotypes and the imputed allele dosages ranged from 0.58 (sire only) to 0.68 (both sire and dam). A herd of 100 cows was then simulated (1,000 replicates) from the sub-population of 729 imputed animals. The top 10 bulls from the genotyped population, based on their total genetic merit index (TMI) were selected to be used as sires. Three mating allotment methods were investigated: (1) random mating, (2) sequential mating based on maximizing only the expected TMI of the progeny, and (3) linear programming to maximize a generated index constructed to maximize genetic merit and minimize expected progeny inbreeding as well as intra- and inter-progeny variability in genetic merit. Relationships among candidate parents were calculated using either the pedigree relationship matrix or the genomic relationship matrix; the latter was constructed using either the true genotypes of both parents or the true genotypes of the sire plus the imputed allele dosages of the dam. Using the genomic co-ancestry estimates resulted in lower average herd expected genomic inbreeding levels compared with using the pedigree-based co-ancestry estimates. Additionally, if the dams were not genotyped, using their imputed allele dosages also resulted in lower average herd expected inbreeding levels compared with using the pedigree co-ancestry estimates. The inter-progeny coefficient of variation for selected traits, milk and fertility, estimated breeding values were reduced by 12 to 65% using the linear programing method compared with sequential mating.
FunderScience Foundation Ireland; Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine
Grant Number14/IA/2576; 16/RC/3835
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- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2019 American Dairy Science Association®.