Clinical presentation and immune characteristics in first-lactation Holstein-Friesian cows following intramammary infection with genotypically distinct Staphylococcus aureus strains
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CitationDagmara A. Niedziela, Mark P. Murphy, Jim Grant, Orla M. Keane, Finola C. Leonard, Clinical presentation and immune characteristics in first-lactation Holstein-Friesian cows following intramammary infection with genotypically distinct Staphylococcus aureus strains, Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 103, Issue 9, 2020, Pages 8453-8466, ISSN 0022-0302, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-17433.
AbstractStaphylococcus aureus is an important cause of bovine mastitis, and intramammary infections caused by this pathogen are often characterized as mild, chronic, or persistent. The strains of Staph. aureus associated with mastitis belong to several distinct bovine-adapted bacterial lineages. Studies of host-pathogen interactions have demonstrated that significant differences exist between Staph. aureus strains and lineages in their ability to internalize and to elicit expression of chemokines and pro-inflammatory mediators in bovine cells in vitro. To determine the effect of bacterial strain on the response to intramammary infection in vivo, 14 disease-free, first-lactation cows were randomly allocated to 2 groups and challenged with Staph. aureus strain MOK023 (belonging to CC97) or MOK124 (belonging to CC151). Clinical signs of infection, as well as somatic cell count (SCC), bacterial load, IL-8 and IL-1β in milk, anti-Staph. aureus IgG in milk and serum, anti-Staph. aureus IgA in milk, and white blood cell populations in milk and blood were monitored for 30 d after the challenge. Cows infected with MOK023 generally developed subclinical mastitis, whereas cows infected with MOK124 generally developed clinical mastitis. Milk yield was reduced to a greater extent in response to infection with MOK124 compared with MOK023 in the first week of the study. Significantly higher SCC, IL-8, and IL-1β in milk as well as higher anti-Staph. aureus IgG and IgA in milk and anti-Staph. aureus IgG in serum were also observed in response to MOK124 compared with the response to MOK023. Higher proportions of neutrophils were observed in milk of animals infected with MOK124 than in animals infected with MOK023. Higher neutrophil concentration in blood was also observed in the MOK124 group compared with the MOK023 group. Overall, the results indicate that the outcome of mastitis mediated by Staph. aureus is strain dependent.
FunderDepartment of Agriculture, Food and the Marine of Ireland
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