The immune response in bovine primary dermal fibroblasts is influenced by Interleukin 8 promoter haplotype and vitamin D
|O’Brien, Megan B.
|Beynon, Charlotte L.
|McLoughlin, Rachel M.
|Meade, Kieran G.
|Megan B. O’Brien, Charlotte L. Beynon, Rachel M. McLoughlin, Kieran G. Meade, The immune response in bovine primary dermal fibroblasts is influenced by Interleukin 8 promoter haplotype and vitamin D, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Volume 238, 2021, 110291, ISSN 0165-2427, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2021.110291.
|Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent inflammatory chemokine, and two gene promoter haplotypes have been previously reported to segregate in cattle populations. Our earlier work showed how these divergent IL8 genotypes influence IL-8 expression and other immune response parameters at a systemic level. Here we extend that work to characterise the influence of haplotype on the local immune response – in primary bovine dermal fibroblasts. Furthermore, we also investigated how this response is modulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Significant induction of IL8 expression was observed in cells from both haplotypes at 3 and 24 h post-stimulation with the TLR1/2 ligand, Pam3CSK4 and with the TLR4 ligand, LPS. IL8 expression was elevated in response to both LPS and Pam3CSK4 in fibroblasts carrying the IL8-h1 haplotype and this result was supported by significantly enhanced IL-8 protein secretion. Gene expression profiles for other known fibroblast immune mediators (SAA3 and CCL20) did not show significant differences between haplotypes but NOS2 gene expression was significantly elevated in response to vitamin D, even above the level detected in response to both TLR ligands. In conclusion, this work has demonstrated that the IL-8 response of dermal fibroblasts is dependent on IL8 haplotype and that the immune response profile in these cells is significantly differentially regulated by 1,25(OH)2D3. Fibroblasts have important immune response capacity and their function in driving inflammatory responses (including iNOS) is underappreciated. Understanding the relationship between cattle genotype and immune function is critically important for uncovering sustainable solutions for animal disease.
|Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology;Vol 238
|© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
|The immune response in bovine primary dermal fibroblasts is influenced by Interleukin 8 promoter haplotype and vitamin D
|Teagasc Walsh Scholarship
|Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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