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dc.contributor.authorOrtiz Sanjuán, Juan M.
dc.contributor.authorArgüello, Héctor
dc.contributor.authorCabrera-Rubio, Raúl
dc.contributor.authorCrispie, Fiona
dc.contributor.authorCotter, Paul D.
dc.contributor.authorGarrido, Juan J.
dc.contributor.authorEkhlas, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorBurgess, Catherine M.
dc.contributor.authorManzanilla, Edgar G.
dc.date.accessioned2024-06-07T14:55:10Z
dc.date.available2024-06-07T14:55:10Z
dc.date.issued2024-04-16
dc.identifier.citationAnimal Microbiome. 2024 Apr 16;6(1):18
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s42523-024-00306-7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11019/3698
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Post weaning diarrhoea (PWD) causes piglet morbidity and mortality at weaning and is a major driver for antimicrobial use worldwide. New regulations in the EU limit the use of in-feed antibiotics (Ab) and therapeutic zinc oxide (ZnO) to prevent PWD. New approaches to control PWD are needed, and understanding the role of the microbiota in this context is key. In this study, shotgun metagenome sequencing was used to describe the taxonomic and functional evolution of the faecal microbiota of the piglet during the first two weeks post weaning within three experimental groups, Ab, ZnO and no medication, on commercial farms using antimicrobials regularly in the post weaning period. Results Diversity was affected by day post weaning (dpw), treatment used and diarrhoea but not by the farm. Microbiota composition evolved towards the dominance of groups of species such as Prevotella spp. at day 14dpw. ZnO inhibited E. coli overgrowth, promoted higher abundance of the family Bacteroidaceae and decreased Megasphaera spp. Animals treated with Ab exhibited inconsistent taxonomic changes across time points, with an overall increase of Limosilactobacillus reuteri and Megasphaera elsdenii. Samples from non-medicated pigs showed virulence-related functions at 7dpw, and specific ETEC-related virulence factors were detected in all samples presenting diarrhoea. Differential microbiota functions of pigs treated with ZnO were related to sulphur and DNA metabolism, as well as mechanisms of antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance, whereas Ab treated animals exhibited functions related to antimicrobial resistance and virulence. Conclusion Ab and particularly ZnO maintained a stable microbiota composition and functionality during the two weeks post weaning, by limiting E. coli overgrowth, and ultimately preventing microbiota dysbiosis. Future approaches to support piglet health should be able to reproduce this stable gut microbiota transition during the post weaning period, in order to maintain optimal gut physiological and productive conditions.
dc.titleEffects of removing in-feed antibiotics and zinc oxide on the taxonomy and functionality of the microbiota in post weaning pigs
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.date.updated2024-04-21T03:10:05Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s)
refterms.dateFOA2024-06-07T14:55:12Z


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