Detection of banned nitrofuran metabolites in animal plasma samples using UHPLC–MS/MS
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CitationAnita Radovnikovic, Mary Moloney, Paddy Byrne, Martin Danaher. Detection of banned nitrofuran metabolites in animal plasma samples using UHPLC–MS/MS. Journal of Chromatography B, 2011, 879(2), 159-166. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.11.036.
AbstractThe use of nitrofurans as veterinary drugs in food-producing animals has been banned in the EU since the 1990s. Monitoring programs in the EU are based on the detection of protein-bound metabolites after slaughter. An UHPLC–MS/MS method was developed and validated for pre slaughter determination of four nitrofuran metabolites (AHD, AOZ, SEM, AMOZ) in animal plasma (bovine, ovine, equine and porcine). This method is proposed as an alternative method for on-farm surveillance. Plasma samples were derivatised with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde and subsequently extracted with organic solvent. Extracts were concentrated and then analysed by UHPLC–MS/MS. The method was validated according to Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. Inter-species recovery for AHD, AOZ, SEM and AMOZ was 72, 74, 57 and 71%, respectively. Decision limits (CC ) were calculated from within laboratory reproducibility experiments to be 0.070, 0.059, 0.071 and 0.054 gkg−1, respectively. In addition, the assay was applied to incurred plasma samples taken from pigs treated with furazolidone.