• The Potential Impact of Probiotics on the Gut Microbiome of Athletes

      Wosinska, Laura; Cotter, Paul D.; O’Sullivan, Orla; Guinane, Caitriona; Science Foundation Ireland; SFI/12/RC/2273 (MDPI AG, 2019-09-21)
      There is accumulating evidence that physical fitness influences the gut microbiome and as a result, promotes health. Indeed, exercise-induced alterations in the gut microbiome can influence health parameters crucial to athletic performance, specifically, immune function, lower susceptibility to infection, inflammatory response and tissue repair. Consequently, maintenance of a healthy gut microbiome is essential for an athlete’s health, training and performance. This review explores the effect of exercise on the microbiome while also investigating the effect of probiotics on various potential consequences associated with over-training in athletes, as well as their associated health benefits.