Browsing Food Biosciences by Author "Young, Wayne"
Association of Habitual Dietary Fiber Intake and Fecal Microbiome Gene Abundance with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in an Irritable Bowel Syndrome CohortRoy, Nicole; Heenan, Phoebe; Wall, Catherine; Young, Wayne; Carco, Caterina; Keenan, Jacqueline; Cotter, Paul; Maclean, Paul; Mullaney, Jane; Fraser, Karl; et al. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020-05-29)Objectives: Dietary fibre supplementation is recognised as important for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). The exact role of the microbiome in this relationship remains unclear. We explored differences in dietary fibre intake, GI symptoms and the fecal microbiome in those with FGID.
Metabolome and microbiome profiling of a stress-sensitive rat model of gut-brain axis dysfunctionBassett, Shalome A.; Young, Wayne; Fraser, Karl; Dalziel, Julie E.; Webster, Jim; Ryan, Leigh; Fitzgerald, Patrick; Stanton, Catherine; Dinan, Timothy G.; Cryan, John F.; et al. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-10-01)Stress negatively impacts gut and brain health. Individual diferences in response to stress have been linked to genetic and environmental factors and more recently, a role for the gut microbiota in the regulation of stress-related changes has been demonstrated. However, the mechanisms by which these factors infuence each other are poorly understood, and there are currently no established robust biomarkers of stress susceptibility. To determine the metabolic and microbial signatures underpinning physiological stress responses, we compared stress-sensitive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats to the normoanxious Sprague Dawley (SD) strain. Here we report that acute stress-induced strain-specifc changes in brain lipid metabolites were a prominent feature in WKY rats. The relative abundance of Lactococcus correlated with the relative proportions of many brain lipids. In contrast, plasma lipids were signifcantly elevated in response to stress in SD rats, but not in WKY rats. Supporting these fndings, we found that the greatest diference between the SD and WKY microbiomes were the predicted relative abundance of microbial genes involved in lipid and energy metabolism. Our results provide potential insights for developing novel biomarkers of stress vulnerability, some of which appear genotype specifc.